Just as the younger generation who live in the big cities could be forgiven for not knowing that milk comes from out of a cow before it comes out of a bottle, we could all be excused for thinking that the things that surround us in our homes have always been around. Such is not the case, of course - products have to be invented, day to day items that are commonplace around our homes were once just an idea in someone's mind, either invented to make a task easier or in the case of food products, to give the consumer a new taste to savour.
Many of the household items and kitchen products we take for granted and can't even begin to imagine what life would be like without them have not only not always been around, but the majority were only introduced during the lifetimes of our Baby Boomer generation, that is, the people who were born in 1946 and after. Here are just some of the inventions and innovations that were introduced to Australian consumers after the end of World War II.
Home and Kitchen innovations timeline
1946 - Italian company Achilles Gaggia invents the high pressure espresso coffee machine.
Though the cappucino had been available in lonWorld War II, having been available in the Viennese coffee houses since the 1700s, it began to be brewed differently all over Europe after the Second World War, with introduction of the espresso coffee machine.
During the 1950s, and "cappuccino" was redefined, now made from espresso and frothed milk (although far from the quality of "microfoam" steamed milk today). As the espresso machines improved, so did the dosing of coffee and the heating of the milk. Outside Italy, cappuccino spread but was generally made from dark coffee with whipped cream, as it still is in many parts of Europe.
1946 - Latex Gloves are developed in Australia.
In 1889, William Stewart Halsted, the first chief of surgery at Johns Hopkins Hospital, invented rubber gloves in order to prevent medical staff from developing dermatitis from surgical chemicals, but it wasn't until 1946 that a cheaper household version has been used for washing dishes and cleaning in the home. What made then affordable for household use was to switch to making the gloves out of latex, a cheaper form of rubber.
1947 - The first "Add water & bake" cake mixes are made by Betty Crocker.
The fictional character of Betty Crocker began with a promotion run by Gold Medal Flour back in 1921. Home cooks could win a pincushion resembling a flour sack if they correctly completed a jigsaw puzzle of a milling scene. The Washburn Crosby Company, a flour milling concern and largest predecessor of General Mills, Inc., received thousands of responses and a flood of questions about baking. The name Betty Crocker was created to personalize responses to consumer inquires. The surname Crocker was chosen to honor a popular, recently retired director of the company, William G. Crocker. Betty was chosen simply as a friendly-sounding name. Women employees were invited to submit sample Betty Crocker signatures; the one judged most distinctive is the basis for the one in use today. In Australia, White Wings became the dominant brand in instant cake mixes.
1947 - Aluminum foil for kitchen use goes on sale.
Foil made from a thin leaf of tin was commercially available before its aluminium counterpart. Tin foil was marketed commercially from the late nineteenth into the early twentieth century. Tin was first replaced by aluminium in 1910, when the first aluminium foil rolling plant was opened in Switzerland. The foil was first used only to wrap individual food items like Lifesavers and chewing gum.
1947 - The shopping trolley is invented in its present form in Oklahoma City, USA.
1947 - The Golden Circle brand is established. Its first product was canned pineapple. Golden Circle began operations in 1947 after construction of the main canning factory at Northgate was completed. The company was originally called 'Queensland Tropical Fruit Products', with 'Golden Circle' used as their brand name. Heinz took over ownership of Golden Circle in 2008.
1947 - The Tupperware seal is patented. Earl Tupper created Tupperware in the early 1940s. Tupperware begins being sold by party plan in the US in 1951. Tupperware was introduced in Australia in 1961 and in New Zealand in 1973.
1947 - Homogenised milk is introduced.
1947 - Kraft Singles processed cheese slices introduced. Kraft individually wrapped processed cheese "slices" are not really slices off a block, but formed separately in manufacturing. Kraft singles do however contain ingredients in common with cheddar cheese (pasteurized milk, cheese culture, salt, enzyme(s), annatto vegetable color). In Australia, the Kraft branding was retired in 2017. Kraft's successor company in Australia, Mondelez, sold their cheese products line to Bega Cheese, but retained rights to the Kraft name. They are now sold as "Dairylea Slices".
1948 - Four'n'Twenty meat pies first go on sale in Melbourne. The Four'n Twenty pie was created in Bendigo, Victoria, Australia by Leslie Thompson McClure in 1947. Initially called the Dad & Dave Pie after the name of his cafe, McClure renamed the pie using the nursery rhyme suggestion from an employee. At that time, production was around 50 pies per day. McClure took a sampling of his pies to the Royal Melbourne Agricultural Show, where they proved very popular. Increasing demand for the pie caused McClure to open a bakery in a pavilion of the showgrounds in 1949, then a factory in nearby Union Road, Ascot Vale in 1953, and eventually a larger factory in Kensington. In 1960, McClure sold his stake in Four'n Twenty to the Victorian arm of Peters Ice Cream.
1948 - Percy Spencer invented the microwave oven. In that year Raytheon built the "Radarange", the first commercially available microwave oven. It was almost 1.8 metres tall, weighed 340 kilograms and cost about US$5,000 each ($56,000 in today's dollars). Japan's Sharp Corporation began manufacturing domestic microwave ovens in 1961. From the late 1970s, Japanese companies such as Sharp manufactured low-cost microwave ovens that were affordable for residential use, leading to the rapid expansion of the microwave oven market in the 1980s.
1948 - The Sunbeam Mixmaster, model 9B, was launched.
It became the first small electrical appliance to be manufactured in Australia, and cost more than a month's wages.
1948 - Velcro was invented.
Swiss electrical engineer George de Mestral invented his first touch fastener when, in 1941, he went for a walk in the woods and wondered why burdock seeds clung to his coat and dog. He discovered it could be turned into something useful. He patented it in 1955, and subsequently refined and developed its practical manufacture until its commercial introduction in the late 1950s. De Mestral gave the name Velcro, a portmanteau of the French words velour ("velvet") and crochet ("hook"), to his invention as well as his company, which continues to manufacture and market the fastening system.
1948 - Frozen french fries first go on sale.
1948 - V-8 juice goes on sale in the US. V8 Vegetable Juice, sometimes just called V8, is a trademarked name for a number of beverage products sold worldwide that are made from eight vegetables, or a mixture of vegetables and fruits. Since 1948, the brand has been owned by the Campbell Soup Company.
1948 - Australia's first supermarket opened. Freecorns sets up its first supermarket at Cottesloe in suburban Perth, WA. It is believed to have been Australia's first suburban, self-serve grocery supermarket. It was the brainchild of David Freecorn, who opened his first grocery store in Fremantle in 1932. The Freecorns chain of supermarkets was sold in 1977 and the Freecorn's name disappeared.
1949 - Kraft Minute Rice introduced. The product was introduced in 1949 by General Foods, which merged with Kraft in 1990 and became Kraft General Foods, which became Kraft Foods in 1995.
1949 - Peters Choc Wedge ice cream introduced. One of the all-time favourites in the Peters Ice Cream range, Choc Wedge was a new variant of the vanilla icecream/chocolate coating combination that began with the Eskimo Pie. It had a distinctive wedge shape and came on a stick for convenience.'New' Choc Wedge in 1959In 1959, the product was re-vamped with a new American shape and advertised as having a new creamy texture and a new milk chocolate coating. In the early 1980s, it came in vanilla, spearmint and choc-malt varieties.
1949 - Seedless watermelon developed.
1950 - Metal lunchboxes go on sale.
1950 - Bic ballpoint pens are first sold in Australia.
The first patent for a ballpoint pen was issued on 30 October 1888 to John J. Loud, who was attempting to make a writing instrument that would be able to write "on rough surfaces-such as wood, coarse wrapping-paper, and other articles" which then-common fountain pens could not. A Hungarian newspaper editor named Laszlo Biro, patented the first successful commercial ballpoint pen in 1938. Following World War II, many companies vied to commercially produce their own ballpoint pen design, the most successful beng a design by Frenchman Marcel Bich, which was licensed from Biro and based on an Argentinian design. Bich shortened his name to Bic in 1953, becoming the ballpoint brand now recognized globally.
1950 - The familiar green plastic garbage bag (made from polyethylene) was invented by Harry Wasylyk.
1951 - George Stephen invented the original Weber Kettle Grill American inventor, entrepreneur, and the founder of Weber-Stephen Products Co., George Stephen, created the prototype Weber Kettle grill by cutting a metal buoy in half and fashioning a dome shaped grill with a rounded lid.
French Onion Dip
1951 - Continental Soup brand launched by Unilever. Dried soups became an essential part of store-cupboard cookery in the 1950s. Unilever s Continental brand was Maggi's principle competitor. Their French Onion Soup was most famously used to make the ubiquitous French Onion Dip, while the chicken noodle variety contributed to quasi-Chinese dishes. French Onion Dip was popular for 50s drinks parties as it only had two essential ingredients (both of which were likely to be on hand) - Philadelphia Cream Cheese and a packet of Continental French Onion Soup - and took just a few minutes to make.
1952 - Nestle Quik (later to be renamed Nesquick) launched in Australia.
1952 - Kellogg's Frosted Flakes launched in Australia.
1952 - Lipton Tea patents a novel four-sided tea bag called the flo-thru tea bag. From humble beginnings in a tenement building in Glasgow, Sir Thomas rose to become a world-renowned entrepreneur, yachtsman and of course, tea merchant extraordinaire. Tea bags were created accidentally by American tea merchant, Thomas Sullivan, who sent tea samples to customers in silk bags which they then presumed should be placed in water. Thomas Lipton saw the future, and was the first to start selling tea bags. He was also the first to print brewing instructions on tea bag tags.
1953 - Irish coffee invented in San Francisco's Buena Vista Cafe
1953 - Cling Wrap invented. Plastic wrap is invented by a scientist who failed while trying to make a hard plastic cover for his car but then found a use for it in the kitchen. The Glad Wrap brand of cling wrap was first sold in Australia in 1966, three years after its launch in the US.
1954 - Kraft Cheddar Portions and Cracker Barrel Cheese first manufactured.
1954 - Trix dishwashing detergent introduced. Liquid detergent used for dishwashing was first manufactured in the middle of the 20th century. Dishwashing detergent producers started production in the United States in the 1930 1940s. Extensive advertising on television in the lare 1950s led to Trix become Australia's leading brand of dishwashing detergent.
1954 - Cookware with a non-stick Teflon coating goes on sale worldwide. The first nonstick cookware carrying the Teflon brand utilised the Chemours nonstick coating systems that today provided safe, superior nonstick and release properties to cookware, bakeware and small electrical appliances. The story of the Teflon brand began on April 6, 1938, at the Chemours Jackson Laboratory in New Jersey. A Chemours chemist, Dr. Roy J. Plunkett, was working with gases related to the company s refrigerant products, when he discovered that a frozen, compressed sample of tetrafluoroethylene had polymerized spontaneously into a white, waxy solid to form polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE). This was the world s first fluoropolymer, which possessed not only outstanding chemical and heat resistance, but also the world s most slippery surface qualities.
1955 - Continental Cheese Spread was introduced. Around 1873 William A. Lawrence, a dairyman in Chester, New York, was the first to mass-produce cream cheese. By adding cream to the process, he developed a richer cheese that he called cream cheese. In 1877 Lawrence created the first brand of cream cheese. His Philadelphia-brand cream cheese became a Kraft product in 1928.
1955 - Sunbeam launched its Australian-made Pop-Up Toaster, its first electric frypan and the Ironmaster Dry Iron.
1955 - Kelloggs introduce Special K breakfast cereal. Special K used to be marketed primarily as a low-fat cereal that can be eaten to help one lose weight.
1956 - Philadelphia Cream Cheese became the first cream cheese to be produced commercially in Australia.
1956 - Sunbeam 10-inch electric frying pan with glass lid and integrated thermostat is launched. The company began in Australia in 1902 as a small branch of the American group, Chicago Flexible Shaft Company. The company became publicly traded in 1952 and came into Australian ownership in 1987. The majority of products sold today are Australian designed, with little stock in common with their American counterparts.
1956 - The winding mechanism was added to the Hills clothes hoist. The Hill's Hoist rotary clothes hoist was invented by South Australian motor mechanic, Lance Hill He made the first Hill's Hoist in 1945 for his wife whose washing kept falling off the prop washing line. His line was a single steel pole with metal ribs spreading out from the centre pole. Between the ribs he strung rust-proof wire from which the clothes would hang. Lance Hill then invented a way of winding up the top part of the centre pole. In 1946, Hill and his brother-in-law opened a factory making Hill's Rotary Clothes Hoist.
1956 - B&D Roller Door is developed and goes on sale in Sydney, NSW.
1957 - Kraft Coon Cheese was introduced. An American, Edward William Coon, patented a unique ripening process that was used to manufacture the original Coon Cheese. The manufacturing of Coon Cheese in Australia commenced in November 1935 and continued through to December 1942, when production ceased because of the war. It recommenced in June 1948 at Allansford in the Western District of Victoria, and at Quinalow on the Darling Downs in Queensland. At that time, it was made in traditional red waxed cloth wrapped 7 lb 'Rounds'. 'Red Coon', as it was known, became popular for its mature flavour and texture. Made in Victoria, Kraft's processed Coon Cheese was introduced in 1957.
1957 - Schweppes Bitter Lemon was launched. The signature bitter taste is produced by a combination of quinine and lemon pith used in manufacturing the drink. The principal difference between tonic water and bitter lemon is the addition of lemon juice, pith, and peel. The generic bitter lemon drink dates back to 1834. Schweppes introduced its brand of bitter lemon in 1957.
1958 - Cadbury Picnic bar was launched. Cadbury Picnic bar is one of the oldest and most-loved bars in the Cadbury chocolate bar range. Its primary ingredients are nuts, wafer biscuit, chocolate, rice crisps and caramel. The Australasian version differs from those sold in other countries in that it also contains raisins.
1957 - Schweppes Bitter Orange is launched.
1958 - Rice-a-Riso invented under the name of Rica-A-Roni in the US.
1958 - Kraft became the first Australian commercial manufacturer of cheddar cheese.
1958 - Lipton invented Instant Tea After 6 years of testing and perfecting, Lipton introduced its first iced tea powder mix in the USA in 1964, reaching Europe and Australasia in 1978. Since then the brand has been growing steadily, with Lipton bottled iced tea launching in 1991. This ready-to-drink variety of Lipton Iced Tea is currently available in more than 100 different countries around the world.
1958 - The Chupa Chup lollipop on a stick is invented in Spain by an apple jam factory. The Chupa Chups brand name comes from the Spanish verb chupar, meaning 'to suck.' The late, renowned artist Salvador Dali designed the current logo for Chupa Chups in 1969. Chupa Chups inventor, Enric Bernat, was quoted as saying, "I saw sweets didn t suit their main consumers, children. They got their hands sticky and ran into trouble with their parents. So I stuck a sweet on a stick."
1958 - Woolworths begins converting its variety stores to the self-service format.
1959 - Network marketing company, Amway, founded. Amway (short for "American Way") is an American multi-level marketing company that sells health, beauty, and home care products. The company was founded in 1959 by Jay Van Andel and Richard DeVos and is based in Ada, Michigan. Amway was launched in Australia in 1971 with its products being sold by party plan in the homes of its customers. The direct selling company has been dogged by allegations of being an illegal pyramid scheme for decades.
1959 - Stimorol introduced in Australia.
Stimorol is a brand of chewing gum originally produced by the Danish company Dandy. The privately owned company was founded by Holger Sorensen in 1915 in Vejle, Denmark as Vejle Caramel. It is one of the world's largest producers of chewing gum.
1958 - Kelloggs introduced Cocoa Pops. The cereal was introduced in the United States in 1958 as Cocoa Krispies, and later Cocoa Rice Krispies. It has always been sold as Cocoa Pops in other markets.
1959 - Kraft processed cheese slices were first manufactured in Australia.
1959 - Dr Allan Maruff establishes the Nerada tea plantation in the foothills of the Atherton Tablelands near Innisfail, Qld.
1959 - Coca-Cola began marketing its family sized bottles as "King Size Coke"
1960 - Dominoes Pizza launched in Detroit, USA.
1960 - The first Coles supermarket opens in North Balwyn, Vic. the first supermarket (trading under the Dickins name) was opened in the Melbourne suburb Balwyn North, at the corner of Burke and Doncaster Roads where a modernised version continues to operate. By 1973, Coles had established stores in all Australian capital cities. From 1962, its supermarkets were branded Coles New World with accompanying rocket imagery. In 1991, the stores were rebranded Coles Supermarkets and from 1998, simply as Coles.
1960 - Woolworths launches its Food Fair supermarket chain. Like Coles New World supermarts, Wooolworths Food Fair stores were the first Woolworths stores dedicated to food.
1960 - Sprite soft drink launched. The Sprite colorless, caffeine-free, lemon and lime-flavored soft drink was first developed in West Germany in 1959 as Fanta Klare Zitrone ("Clear Lemon Fanta") and was introduced elsewhere by the Coca Cola Company under the current brand name Sprite ias a competitor to 7 Up. By the 1980s, Sprite had developed a large following among teenagers.
1961 - Coffee-Mate non-dairy creamer launched. Mocha Mix Coffee Creamer, launched in the US in 1950, was the first commercial non-dairy creamer and the first product with the term 'coffee creamer' in the name. in 1958, the Carnation Company developed a product that easily dissolved in hot liquid because it replaced most of the milk fat with vegetable oil, and reduced the milk protein. The new product was marketed under the Carnation label with the brand name Coffee-Mate. Non-dairy creamers, commonly called tea whiteners or coffee whiteners are liquid or granular substances intended to substitute for milk or cream as an additive to coffee, tea, hot chocolate or other beverages.
1961 - Kraft Grated Parmesan cheese launched.
1961 - Weight Watchers established. In 1961, Weight Watchers founder Jean Nidetch began inviting friends into her Queens home once a week, to discuss how best to lose weight. Her first meeting was attended by a group of six friends.
1962 - The first Vacuum packaged coffee introduced by the Melitta Bentz Company Melitta is a German company selling coffee, paper coffee filters, and coffee makers. The company is headquartered in Minden, North Rhine-Westphalia. It is named after Melitta Bentz (1873 1950) who founded the company after she invented the drip brew paper coffee filter (German patent granted July 8, 1908). Bentz later ran the company as a family business. In the 1930s, the company revised the original filter, tapering it into the shape of a cone and adding ribs. This created a larger filtration area, allowing for improved extraction of the ground coffee. In 1936, the widely recognised cone-shaped filter paper that fit inside the tapered filter top was introduced.
1961 - Chux wipes launched.
1962 - Canadian, Edward A. Asselbergs invents instant mashed potatoes (dehydrated potato flakes).
1962 - The first Coles New World supermarket opens in Frankston, Vic From 1962, Coles supermarkets were branded Coles New World with accompanying rocket imagery. At the time, space exploration had captivated the imagination of people all around the world, resulting in fins being added to cars and the adoption of space-age symbolism such as the New World name and rocket.
1962 - Chocolate Eclair sweets are launched by London confectioner James Pascall.
1963 - Haagen Daas ice cream is first created by Reuben Mattus, the son of US Jewish immigrants.
1963 - Peters Drumstick ice cream introduced. Peters Ice Cream was founded in Sydney by American migrant Fred Peters. His first Peters Ice Cream family bricks, reputed to be made to his mother's recipe, were sold from a horse and cart in Manly. In 1927, Peters Victorian factory opened in Melbourne. The slogan "The health food of a nation" lasted into the 1970s, when regulations about health claims forced a change to "Peters keep the good things coming". In 1971 the Victorian food manufacturing company - by then named Petersville - had more than 5000 on staff. It became one of Australia s largest food companies, owning brands including Four n Twenty and Edgell Birdseye. The Peters Ice Cream operation has changed hands repeatedly since the mid-1980s.
1963 - Aerogard Insect Repellent introduced.
1963 - Fruit Loops breakfast cereal introduced.
1963 - Arnotts Tim Tam chocolate biscuits launched. The biscuit was created by Ian Norris, who was the director of food technology at Arnott's. During 1958, he took a world trip looking for inspiration for new products. While in Britain, he found the Penguin biscuit and decided to "make a better one". Tim Tam went on to the market in 1964. They were named by Ross Arnott, who attended the 1958 Kentucky Derby and decided that the name of the winning horse, Tim Tam, was perfect for a planned new line of biscuits. Pepperidge Farm, a sister company of Arnott's, began importing the Tim Tam to the United States of America in 2008. The Tim Tams are still "Made in Australia" and packaging in the United States bears the slogan "Australia's Favorite Biscuits." In 2017, an additional flavour, dark chocolate-mint, was produced for and introduced only in the American market.
The Tim Tam Slam is the practice of drinking a hot or cold beverage through a Tim Tam. Opposite corners of the Tim Tam are bitten off, one end is submerged in the beverage, and the beverage is sucked through the biscuit - as though the Tim Tam itself were a straw. The crisp interior biscuit is eventually softened and the outer chocolate coating begins to melt, at which point the biscuit is eaten.
1964 - Pop Tarts invented. In the 1960s, an American company named Post adapted its process for enclosing food in foil to keep it fresh without spoiling first used for dog food to its new toaster-prepared breakfast food. Intended to complement its cold cereals, Post announced its new product to the press in 1963 before they went to market. Post called them "Country Squares". Because Post had revealed Country Squares before they were ready to be put in the marketplace, Post's biggest competitor, Kellogg, was able to develop its own version in six months. The product, advertised by an animated, anthropomorphic toaster named Milton, became so popular that Kellogg could not keep up with demand.
Pop-Tarts have a sugary filling sealed inside two layers of thin, rectangular pastry crust. Most varieties are also frosted. Although sold pre-cooked, they are designed to be warmed inside a toaster or microwave oven. They are usually sold in pairs inside Mylar (previously foil) packages and do not require refrigeration.
1964 - Milk first supplied in Tetra Pak (plastic) containers. Tetra Pack is the name of the Swedish company that invented the process of packing fruit drinks into these petite boxes in 1950.
1964 - Diet Pepsi Cola introduced. Diet Pepsi is a no-calorie carbonated cola soft drink produced by PepsiCo, introduced in 1964 as a variant of Pepsi with no sugar. Diet Coke was a later entrant to the diet cola market; though shortly after entering production in 1982 it became the primary competing diet cola to Diet Pepsi.
1964 - Nutella spread introduced. Originally, Nutella was a smart solution to a tricky problem: the shortage of cocoa supplies following World War Two. Pietro Ferrero, a pastry maker from Piedmont in Italy, created a sweet paste made from hazelnuts, sugar and just a little of the rare cocoa. He shaped it into a loaf that could be sliced and served on bread and he named it 'Giandujot' after a famous local carnival character at the time. The Ferrero Company was officially foundedn on May 14th 1946. Through trial and error, Pietro Ferrero's son, Michele, improved the recipe and created the first-ever jar of a new hazelnut and cocoa cream which was, however, still without a name. Michele Ferrero then decided on the word nutella' with the origin of the word being nut' and the ella' giving it a soft ending.
11961 - Campbell's Soups began the manufacture of its products in Australia at Shepparton, Vic.
1964 - Peters Giant Sandwich ice cream introduced. The Monaco Bar became the most popular kind.
1965 - Kraft Cheesticks and Kraft Thousand Island Dressing launched.
1965 - The wine cask is developed by Thomas Angove of South Australia.
Developed by Tom Angove of Angove's, winemakers and distillers, of Renmark in South Australia, and patented on 20th April, 1965, the wine cask was designed to store and carry wine in a larger container than a bottle, and for the contents to stay fresh longer. The title of the invention was 'improved container and pack for liquids'. Up to then the bulk of wine in Australia was sold in bottles and glass flagons. The half gallon glass flagon was susceptible to breakage and the wine, being exposed to air after opening, deteriorated in quality if not consumed fairly quickly.
This innovation compises of a soft flexible bag, sealed without any air space, which collapsed as wine was withdrawn, thus protecting the remaining wine from air spoilage. The cubical shape of the cardboard container was not only space and transport economical but also protected the bag of wine from a fair degree of rough handling. Initially there were problems with trace leaks through the membrane and in pouring but over the years these improved, especially with a new tapping device in the early 80s.
The bag took two years to develop and after much market research one gallon packs of table white, table red, port, sweet sherry and muscat were launched in November 1965. Angove's actually opted out of the cask market in 1971 due to the then unreliability of the pack but with improved design of the pack Angove's re-entered the quaffing wine market in 1984
University of Florida football player Chip Hinton testing Gatorade in 1965, pictured next to the leader of its team of inventors, Robert Cade.
1965 - The Gatorade drink launched. Gatorade was created in 1965 by a team of scientists at the University of Florida College of Medicine. Following a request from Florida Gators football head coach Ray Graves, Gatorade was created to help athletes by acting as a replacement for body fluids lost during physical exertion. The earliest versions of the beverage consisted of a mixture of water, sodium, sugar, potassium, phosphate, and lemon juice. Ten players on the University of Florida football team tested the first version of Gatorade during practices and games in 1965, and the tests were deemed successful.
1965 - The British company Wilkinson Sword introduced razor blades made of stainless-steel. The company was founded as a manufacturer of guns made in Shotley Bridge in County Durham, by Henry Nock in London in 1772. Nock began trading as a gunlock smith out of Mount Pleasant in London in 1772. The American Revolutionary War led to strong sales for the new company. When Henry Nock died in 1804, he left the company to his foreman and adopted son-in-law, James Wilkinson. When James' son Henry Wilkinson joined the company it was renamed James Wilkinson & Son (also known as simply Wilkinson & Son). It became the Wilkinson Sword Company in 1891. Besides swords, the company has also produced guns, bayonets and products such as typewriters, garden shears, scissors and motorcycles. Gardening equipment is still made under the Wilkinson Sword.
1965 - Dorito brand corn chips first manufactured.
1965 - Glen Raven Mills developed a seamless pantyhose version that coincideed with the introduction of the miniskirt.
1965 - Twist Cup introduced and sold for one shilling and three pence.
1966 - Cadbury Caramello Koalas launched. Caramello Koala was introduced in Australia as the Caramello Bear in 1966. It consists of a chocolate cartoon koala (named "George" in certain advertising material) with a caramel centre. It was reputedly the first mass marketed confection to be modelled on Australian fauna. Television advertisements for the chocolate in Australia featured Caramello and his cartoon friends sailing down a river or riding on a steam train to a modified version of Donovan's "Mellow Yellow". Caramello's packaging and imagery was updated in 2000, after market research revealed the character was seen as daggy, one-dimensional and not sufficiently 'animated'.
1967 - Twix chocolate bar introduced.
1968 - Australia's first KFC store opened in Guildford in suburban Sydney, NSW. The first Kentucky Fried Chicken outlet in Australia was opened in the Sydney suburb of Guildford in 1968. Modelled on the square red and white outlets established by Col. Harland Sanders in the US in 1952, this store and others patterned on it were take-away outlets only, with no dine-in facilities. Later stores would include dining areas and drive-through windows in their design.
1968 - McDonald's introduces the Big Mac (not in Australia, as the company is yet to open franchise stores here).
1968 - Ring-Pull soft drink cans introduced. Aluminum cans were first used for the storage of beverages in 1957. Two years later the first diet cola was sold. The pull-ring tab was first marketed by the Pittsburgh Brewing Company of Pittsburgh, PA. It was invented by Alcoa in 1962. The Schlitz Brewing company introduced the "Pop Top" beer can to the nation in March 1963; the "Pop Top" was invented by Ermal Fraze of Kettering, Ohio, a year earlier. In 1965, soft drinks in cans were first dispensed from vending machines in the US. In the same year the resealable top was invented. Here in Australia, it was a while before the Pop-Top can would be introduced; before the Pop-Top we saw the "Ring-Pull". Ring-Pull ends were a good and a bad idea rolled into one. Beverage cans were much easier to open, but go to any football match and there would be thousands of those ring-pulls littering the ground when the crowd left. Fortunately, the ring-pull end was eventually replaced by various designs, the most popular being the Pop-Top, but, amazingly, some countries still use Ring-Pulls.
1969 - Australia's first K-Mart store opened in Burwood in suburban Melbourne, Vic.
1969 - Tic Tac mints, manufactured by Italian confectioner, Ferrero, are introduced. Tic Tac were first introduced by Ferrero in 1969, under the name "Refreshing Mints." In 1970, the name was changed to Tic Tacs, after the distinctive sound of the mints rattling in their container. Originally, Tic Tac were dyed specific colours for different flavours, although in many countries the transparent plastic boxes are coloured and the actual Tic Tacs are white. During the 1990s, "double packs" were introduced, featuring a regular Tic Tac container with two flavours inside. Available combinations included Tangerine and Lime, Orange and Grape, and Berry and Cherry.
1970 - The sugar-free 7-Up soft drink was introduced in Australia by Schweppes.
1970 - The first Target store opened in Newtown in suburban Adelaide, SA.
1971 - Australia's first Hungy Jacks restaurant opened. It was in Perth, on a site close to the Innaloo Burger King eatery, that the American chain Burger King made its entry into Australia within the newly completed Innaloo Shopping Centre in 1967.
After opening eight KFC outlets, Perth businessman Jack Cowin bought the rights to Burger King. They both later discovered someone else had the rights to the Burger King trademark in Australia, so Cowin instead called the outlets Hungry Jack's. Many years later he had a falling out with Burger King over the name and other issues related to their franchise agreement which was eventually resolved in his favour.
The first Hungry Jack's outlet was opened in the Perth suburb of Innaloo on 18th April 1971. The initial success of the business led to a rapid expansion with the first South Australian restaurant on Anzac Highway, Everard Park, opening in November 1972, followed by Kedron in Queensland in April 1974. In the first ten years of operation Hungry Jack s had grown to 26 restaurants in three states.
1971 - Australia's first McDonald's restaurant opened in Yagoona in suburban Sydney, NSW.
1971 - Cadbury Creme Egg launched.
1972 - Mr Coffee, the first automatic drip-brew coffeemaker for home use, was introduced.
1972 - Uncle Sam deodorant and herbal hair shampoo launched. With Uncle Sam, Ask not what your deodorant can do for you; ask what you can do for your deodorant.
1971 - The Trac II, the world's first two-blade razor, was introduced by Gillette.
1972 - Razzamatazz pantyhose introduced.
Launched in 1972, Razzamatazz soon become known for its iconic advertising. Anyone who grew up in Australia in the 70 s and 80 s will remember the famous "Oh, oh" jingle.
1972 - Australia's first Red Rooster Chicken store opened in Kelmscott in suburban Perth, WA
Red Rooster chicken, a Western Australian based enterprise, was founded by Peter Kailis of Australia's largest seafood export conglomerate. After a successful career with Fibre Containers, Kailis opened the first Red Rooster store in the Perth suburb of Kelmscott in 1972. In May 2002, Perth based Australian Fast Foods acquired Red Rooster from Coles Myer Ltd, which had purchased it from the Kailis family in the 1980s. Today, Red Rooster has over 360 stores that employ around 5000 staff.
1972 - Italian confectioner, Ferrero invented Kinder Surprise chocolates.
1973 - PET plasic bottles introduced. In 1970 plastic bottles were first used for soft drinks. The PET (Polyethylene Terephthalate) bottle was created in 1973. PET is a strong but lightweight form of clear polyester. It is used to make containers for soft drinks, juices, alcoholic drinks, water, take-away foods, edible oils, household cleaners, and other food and non-food applications. PET was first developed for use in synthetic fibres by British Calico Printers in 1941. Although originally produced for fibres, PET began to be used for packaging films in the mid 1960s and then, in the early 1970s, the technique for blowing bi-axially oriented bottles was commercially developed. Another striking feature of PET on the environmental side is that it is fully recyclable. It was in 1977 that the first PET bottle was recycled and was turned into a bottle basecup. Soon however, the fiber industry discovered the "new" material source and started using it for making textiles, carpets and non-wovens. Today, even though the "bottle to bottle" recycling process is growing, the fibre market is still the major outlet for recovered PET.
1974 - Lime Fresh soap and deodorant launched.
1974 - The bite-sized chocolate sweet, Skittles, introduced.
1974 - Dynamic Lifter fertiliser pellets introduced. Dynamic Lifter is the brainchild of Norman Jennings, of Sydney. In 1971, in tests conducted by the Department of Agriculture, a prototype of the product outperformed a chemical fertiliser, producing results up to 150 per cent better. The product came on to the market in the late 1970s. There are now five plants manufacturing Dynamic Lifter in Australia, and the technology has been licenced for use overseas, notably in the United States.
1974 - The first thong bikini was launched.
1975 - Zip Instant Boiling Water Heater patented.
1975 - Ready to eat custard first produced under the Pauls brand in 600g cartons. Pauls is an Australian brand name for a range of dairy products. Pauls history can be traced back to 1923. The company has been known under various names, including Queensland United Foods Ltd (QUF), Pauls Ice Cream & Milk Ltd and Pauls Limited. In 1998, Pauls Limited was purchased by the Italian company Parmalat, and officially changed its name in 2003 to Parmalat Australia Ltd. The company currently has its headquarters in South Brisbane. Today, Pauls is an Australia brand name under the Parmalat umbrella.
1975 - Bic introduces the one-piece disposable shaver it had invented.
1977 - McDonald's introduces the Happy Meal.
1977 - Yoplait yogurt introduced.
1978 - Long life fruit juice packaged in Tetra Paks launched under the brand name Popper. Tetra Pack is the name of the Swedish company that invented the process of packing fruit drinks into these petite boxes in 1950. The process of creating poppers starts with creating the juice. Fruit is crushed into juices and then put through a UHT (ultra high temperature) machine to sterilise the milk/juices, which takes all the nasty bacteria that could exist out. After the sterilisation process, fruit juice is filtered to take out the remaining solids. The liquid is then packed into the Tetra Packs which are comprised of seven different layers of plastic and paper so that even when they are formed into the box and filled with juice they remain sealed and don't leak. Finally, a straw is stuck to the side and they are sent on their way!
1981 Kraft Philadelphia Spreadable cheese spread launched.
1981 - Aspartame was approved for human consumption in the US. This results in the introduction of the artificial sweeteners Nutrasweet and Equal.
11981 - Ardmona introduces fruit packaged via its unique Snack Pack technology.
Jenny and Syd Craig
1983 - The Jenny Craig weight lost programme was established in Melbourne. Jenny Craig, Inc. was founded in 1983 by Jenny Craig and her husband, Sidney Craig. It began operations in the United States in 1985. The company expanded rapidly after entering the U.S., opening 46 locations by 1987 as well as 114 in foreign countries.
1984 - Coca Cola launched a test 500ml plastic bottle in Darwin.
1984 - 2 litre plastic milk bottles launched.
1987 - Cadbury Twirl was launched.
1987 - Eagles Boys Pizza commenced business in Albury, NSW.
1989 - The Sargent's Pie was relaunched as a frozen 4 pack of pies through major supermarket chains. George Sargent (1859 - 1921) and Charlotte Sargent nee Foster (1856 - 1924), pastry cooks and caterers were husband and wife in Woolloomooloo in Sydney. Sargent's Pies were launched initially in 1883 by George and Charlotte Sargent. Sargents is now one of Australia s largest pie manufacturers with more than 200 people employed across the country.