A rural service centre for the surrounding pastoral community.
Richmond is noted for its gardens of Bougainvilleas, native trees and
Location: 488 km west of Townsville
Natural features: Flinders River; Moon Rocks, Lions Park (a local
phenomenon known as 'moon rocks' which can weigh many tonnes and which
often have fossilised remnants of fish and shells inside).
Built features: Bobby Murray Park; Sandalwood Mill.
Heritage features: Kronosaurus Korner (a fossil museum which features
the skeleton of a 100-million-year-old Pliosaur that was discovered
near the town in 1989. The area is rich in fossils as it was once part
of Australia's vast 'inland sea'); Pioneer Heritage Walk (includes
Roman Catholic Church, The old Strand Theatre, made out of corrugated
iron and looking like a Nissen hut; Mud Hut Hotel, 1890s; Pioneer
Cemetery); Cobb & Co. Coach display; Woolgar goldfields relics (113
km north); Cambridge Ruins (40 km north, 19th century ruins of an old
Cobb & Co. coach station).
Origin of name: named after the Richmond Downs pastoral run,
established by Bundock and Hayes, which in turn, was named after the
Richmond River area of NSW from whence they came.
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The original occupants of the Richmond region was the Oonoomurra
tribe of Aborigines. Variations of the name are Woonoomurra or
Wanamarra. The area was first explored by William Landsborough who
passed through in 1862 looking for Burke and Wills. Landsborough's
report on the area was such that within the next decade the area had
been settled by pastoralists.
The discovery of gold at the Woolgar 113 km north of the town
resulted in a goldrush and Richmond became an important point for the
Cobb & Co. coaches which moved miners through the area. Richmond
was surveyed in 1882. In 1904 the railway reached the town thus making
it the terminus and railhead for the Gulf country. For the next four
years (until the railway pushed on to Julia Creek) cattle were brought
to Richmond to be shipped out to the coast. The arrival of the railway
meant the hasty demise of Cobb & Co.